Figures of Speech
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Gender

Most nouns in Hausa are either masculine or feminine, but the gender distinction only exist in singular, there is no gender distinction in plural. Feminine nouns are mostly end in "a" e.g

Sarauniya (queen), gimbiya (princess), Malama (teacher), fanka (fan), bishiya (tree), ƙasa (soil, country), toka (ash)



But masculine nouns end in letters other than "-a" e.g

Sarki (king), Malami (teacher), kwaɗo (frog), ƙashi (bone)

But there are irregular nouns

Example: Yarima (prince) but it has "a" as its final letter.

You should look up in dictionary such as online dictionary by shamsuddeen on www.kamus.com.ng if you doubt whether particular noun is feminine or masculine because we'll illustrate only selected few here.

Masculine genderFeminine gender
Namiji (male)Mace (female)
Saurayi (young guy)Budurwa (young girl)
Sarki (king)Sarauniya (queen)
Malami (male teacher)Malama (female teacher)
Wawa (fool/idiot)Wawiya (fool/idiot)
Sakare (stupid)Sakarya (stupid)
Ango (bridegroom)Amarya (bride)
Uba (father)Uwa (mother)
Ɓarawo (thief)Ɓarauniya (female thief)
Maye (wizard)Mayya (witch)
Mashayi (smoker)Mashayiya (woman who smoke)
Zakara (cock)Kaza (hen)
Shege (abusive expression)Shegiya (feminine abusive expression)
Magulmaci (gossip)Magulmaciya (woman who gossip)
Rago (ram)Tunkiya (sheep)
Ɗa (son)Ɗiya/'Ya (daughter)
Jarumi (hero)Jaruma (heroine)
Zakara (cock)Kaza (hen)
Kare(dog)Karya (bitch)
Yarima (prince)Gimbiya (princess)
Mawallafi (author)Mawallafiya (authoress)
Miji (husband)Mata (wife)
Toro (drake)Agwagwa (duck)
Ɗan uwa (brother)'Yar uwa (sister)
Baba (father)Mama (mother)
Siriki (father-in-law)Sirika (mother-in-law)
Saurayi (boyfriend)Budurwa (girlfriend)
Abun bauta (god)Abar bauta (goddess)
Kaka (grandfather)Kaka (grandmother)
Magaji (heir)Magajiya (heiress)
Ubangiji (lord)Uwargijiya (lady)
Ɗan sanda (police)'Yar sanda (policewoman)
Ranka ya daɗe (sir)Ranki shi daɗe (madam)
Ɗan uwan mahaifi (uncle)'Yar uwar mahaifi (aunt)
Sa (bull)Saniya/Shanuwa (cow)
Zakara (rooster)Kaza (hen)

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