Figures of Speech
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Identification

Identification in Hausa are necessary for sentence to make sense. 'Ce', 'ne', and 'dai' are use to express identification in Hausa. 'ce' is feminine, 'ne' is masculine and 'dai' is neutral.
Examples
Wannan baba na ne. = This is my father.

The identification 'ne' in this sentence is equivalent to 'is' in English.

More Examples

Masculine

Muhammadu Buhari shi ne shugaban Nigeria. = Muhammadu Buhari is Nigerian President.

Littafi ne mai tsada. = Its an expensive book.

Fili ne na yin wasa. = It is field for playing.

Malami ne mai ilimi. He's experienced teacher.

Feminine

Matar shi ce shugaba. = His wife is the leader.

Mota ce mai tsada. = It's an expensive car.

Riga ce ta buga wasa. = It is sport t-shirt.

Malama ce mai ilimi. = She is experienced teacher.

Plural

Only 'ne' is used in plural for both masculine and feminine genders.
Example

Babana da mama ta kanawa ne. = My father and mother are indigenes of Kano.

Yaran da yarinyar ɗalibai ne. = The boy and the girl are pupils.

Shaguna na ne. = They are my shops.

'Yan matan nan biyu 'ya'ya na ne. = These two girls are my children.

Gender Conflict

Most Hausa nouns are either masculine or feminine so confusion may likely arise among learners if compound noun has both masculine and feminine genders. They may confuse concerning which identification gender they can use. In such circumstances where compound noun is composed with both masculine and feminine we can use either "ne" or "ce"
Examples
The word "riga" is feminine while "ruwa" is masculine; so the compound noun "rigar ruwa" can carry either masculine or feminine identification. So we can say rigar ruwa ne or rigar ruwa ce. Likewise "mota" is feminine while "ƙarfe" is masculine; thus the compound noun can carry either masculine or feminine identification, so we can say "motar ƙarfe ne" or "motar ƙarfe ce"

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