Figures of Speech
ATTENTION! The audio is only work on Opera and Firefox for now

Prefix

Ɗan

It means minor, it use to emphasize the quality of something, it indicates someone or something is related to someone or something, it also use for making nickname.

Use for emphasizing the quality of something

WordWord with prefix
Ƙarami (small)Ɗan ƙarami (very small)
Babba (big)Ɗan babba (big enough)
Gajere (short)Ɗan gajere (very short)
Dogo (tall)Ɗan dogo (tall enough)

Use for making nickname from name

WordWord with prefix
AuduƊan audu
IbroƊan Ibro
AutaƊan auta
DoloƊan dolo

It can be used for making nickname from the names of the week

WordWord with prefix
Asabar (Saturday)Ɗan asabe (someone born on Friday
Litinin (Monday)Ɗan liti (someone born on Monday)
Juma'a (Friday)Ɗan juma (someone born on Friday)

It shows relationship between people or things

WordWords with Prefix
Birni (city)Ɗan birni (someone who lives in a city)
Ƙauye (village)Ɗan ƙauye (villager)
Wasa (playing)Ɗan wasa (player)
Kasuwa (market)Ɗan kasuwa (marketer)
Baiwa (cleverness)Ɗan baiwa (clever)

'Yar

'Yar is a feminine of 'Ɗan'

Used to emphasize the quality of someone or something

WordWord with prefix
Ƙarama (minor)'Yar ƙarama (very small)
Babba (big)'Yar babba (big enough)
Gajeruwa (short)'Yar gajeruwa (very short)
Doguwa (tall)'Yar doguwa (tall enough)

Use to show relationships between people and things

WordsWords with prefix
Boko (modern education)'Yar boko (an educated woman or student)
Makaranta (school)'Yar makaranta (student)
Birni (city)'Yar birni (someone who lives in a city)
Ƙauye (village)'Yar ƙauye (a villager)
Wasa (playing)'Yar wasa (player)

Mai

Something that produces certain result

WordWord with prefix
Mai (oil)mai-mai (oily)
Ƙara (sound)mai ƙara (that produces sound)
tsafta (cleanness)mai tsafta (someone or something that is clean)
Yawa (plenty)mai yawa (plenty enough)
sanyi (cool)mai sanyi (cold)

Ba

Indicating a community of people

WordWord with prefix
Kano (a state in Northern Nigeria)Bakano (an indigene of Kano)
Katsina (a state in Northern Nigeria)Bakatsine (an indigene of Katsina state)
Turai (Europe)Bature (White man)
Larabawa (Arabs)Balarabe (an arab man)
Yarbawa (Yoruba)Bayarrabe (a yoruba man)

Ma

Make nouns from verb or makes subject from nouns
WordsWords with prefix
Ajiya (saving)Ma'aji, Ma'ajiya (saver)
Sauka (descending/landing)Masauki (landing area)
Dafa (cook)Madafa (cooker, kitchen)
Aike (Message)Ma'aiki (messenger)
Fari (First-time)Mafari (starting point)
Haihu (give birth)Mahaifiya (mother), Mahaifi (father)
Kwanciya (lying down)Makwanci (the place where you sleep)
Saƙa (knitting)Masaƙa (Cloth factory)
Zauna (sitting)Mazauna (habitation)
Auna (measure)Ma'auni (measuring equipment)

Suffix

-n, -r

n, and r are use for linking nouns to other words. "n" is masculine while "r" is feminine.
Examples
HausaEnglish
Harshen TuranciEnglish Language
Labarin gaskiyaTrue life story
Sarauniyar kyauQueen of beauty
Farar akuyaWhite goat
Baƙar motaBlack car
Mutumin kirkiGood person

-awa, -wa

"awa" and "wa" are the plural of the prefix "ba", is a suffix that indicates a community of people.
Examples
WordsWords with suffix
Kano (a state in Northern Nigeria)Kanawa (indigenous people of Kano)
Katsina (a state in Nigeria)Katsinawa (indigenous people of Katsina state)
Turai(Europe)Turawa (Europeans)

-ci, -shi

Denoting a language
WordWord with prefix
Turai (Europe)Turanci (European Language especially English or French)
Faransa (France)Faransanci (French)
Ingilish (English)Ingilishi (English language)
Yarbawa (Yoruba)Yarbanci (Yoruba language)
Iyamurai (Igbo)Iyamuranci (Igbo language)
Larabawa (Arabs)Larabci (Arabic language)

Home



© Copyright 2021 shamsuddeen inc. All right reserved.