Figures of Speech
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Pronoun

1. Personal pronoun

personal pronoun in Hausa is made up of three persons. E.g

  1. First person: Ni (=I), Mu (=We)
  2. Second person: Kai (a masculine pronoun means 'you'), Ku (plural of 'kai'), Ke (a feminine pronoun means 'you')
  3. Third person: Shi (=he), Su (=they), Ita (=she)
  4. Examples of Hausa personal pronouns in sentences

    First person

    Ni ne shugaba = I'm the leader

    Mu 'yan Naijeriya ne = we are Nigerians
    Second Person
    Babu mai ƙoƙari anan sai kai kaɗai (masculine). = nobody is hardworking here except you alone

    Ke baƙuwa ce? (feminine) = are you a stranger?

    Ku baƙi ne (plural) = are you strangers?
    Third Person
    Shi malami ne. = he's a teacher.

    Ita baƙuwa ce. = she is a stranger.

    Su baƙi ne. = they are strangers.

    2. Possessive Pronouns

    Masculine

    naka, nasa, nashi, tashi, taka.

    Feminine

    naki, nata, taki, tata

    Neutral

    tawa, nawa

    Plural

    namu, naku, nasu, tasu, taku, tamu

    Examples of possessive pronouns in Hausa



    Masculine

    Nashi motar baƙa ce. = his car is black.

    Ka kawo mashi nasa motar. = bring him his car.

    Motar tashi sabuwa ce. = his car is new.

    Taka motar sabuwa ce. = your car is new

    Feminine

    Naki gidan babba ne. = your house is big.

    Ka kawo mata nata abincin. = bring food for her.

    Motar taki baƙa ce. = your car is black.

    Motar tata baƙa ce. = her car is black.

    Neutral

    Tawa motar babba ce. = my car is big.

    Gidan nawa ƙarami ne. = my house is small.

    Plural

    Gidan namu babba ne. = our house is big.

    Gidan naku babba ne. = your house is big.

    Gidan nasu babba ne. = their house is big.

    Motar tasu tsohuwa ce. = their car is old.

    Motar taku tsohuwa ce. = your car is old.

    Motar tamu sabuwa ce. = our car is new.

    Possessive can also be formed by adding 'ɗi' + pronoun and by adding "r" or "n" + pronoun or just noun + plural

    Babur ɗina. = my motorcycle.

    Babur ɗinta. = her motorcycle.

    Babur ɗinsa. = his motorcycle.

    Babur ɗinka. = your motorcycle (masculine).

    Babur ɗinki. = your motorcycle (feminine)

    Shago na. = my shop

    Shagonku (plural). = your shop

    Shagonsu. = their shop

    Motarmu. = our car.

    3. r vs n

    'r' is added at the end of the word to show feminine possession while 'n' is added at the end of the word to show masculine possession.
    Example
    SingularPlural
    Sarkin Kano (King of Kano)Sarauniyar Kano (Queen of Kano)
    Yaron Ibrahim (Ibrahim's sonYarinyar Ibrahim (Ibrahim's daughter)
    Malamin mata (Women's teacher)Malamar mata (women's teacher)

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