Figures of Speech
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Singular and Plural

Although most Hausa nouns have plural, but the plural are mostly irregular and unpredictable. Some words have more than one plural, the singular and plural of some words are the same, also no distinction are made between male and female plurals. so if you want to know the plural of particular word you should check up in dictionary such as online dictionary by Shamsuddeen which can be access on www.kamus.com.ng

This table is an illustration of some words and their plural.

SingularPlural
Namiji (male)Maza, Mazaje (males)
Mace (female)Mata, Mataye (women)
Mutum (person)Mutane (people)
Yaro (male child)Yara (children)
Yarinya (female child)'Yan mata (girls)
Malami (male teacher)Malamai (teachers)
Jahili (illiterate)Jahilai (illiterates)
Haziƙi (intelligent person)Haziƙai (intelligent people)
Gwani (expert)Gwanaye (experts)
Mahaifi (father)Mahaifa (fathers)
Soja (soldier)Sojoji (soldiers)
Sarki (king)Sarakuna (kings)
Likita (health worker)Likitoci (health workers)
Jarumi (hero)Jarumai (heroes)
Ɗan sanda (police)'Yan sanda (police)
Fasinja (passenger)Fasinjoji (passengers)
Lauya (lawyer)Lauyoyi (lawyers)
Talaka (poor person)Talakawa (poor people)
Bahaushe (a Hausa man)Hausawa (hausas)
Iyamuri (an igbo man)Iyamurai (Igbo tribe)
Bayarrabe (Yoruba man)Yarbawa (Yorubas)
Balarabe (An arab man)Larabawa (Arabs)
Bature (white man)Turawa (white people)
Ba'indiye (an Indian man)Indiyawa (Indians)
Sakare (idiot)Sakarkaru (idiots)
Masoyi (lover)Masoya (lovers)
Maƙiyi (enemy)Maƙiya (enemies)
Mahaukaci (mad man)Mahaukata (mad people)
Masani (someone who have knowledge)Masana (people who have knowledge)
Maroƙi (beggar)Maroƙa (beggars)
Shege (abusive expression)Shegu (abusive expression)
Ɓarawo (thief)Ɓarayi (thieves)
Mage (cat)Maguna (cats)
Akuya (goat)Akuyoyi (goats)
Ɓera (rat)Ɓeraye (rats)
Ƙwaro (insect)Ƙwari (insects)
Ƙadangare (lizard)Ƙadangaru (lizards)
Sa (bull)Shanu (bulls)
Kifi (fish)Kifaye (fishes)
Tsuntsu (bird)Tsuntsaye (birds)
Jaki (donkey)Jakuna (donkeys)
Tinkiya (sheep)Tumaki (sheep)
Rago (ram)Raguna (ram)
Dabba (animal)Dabbobi (animals)
Raƙumi (camel)Raƙuma (camels)
Kaza (chicken)Kaji (chickens)
Zakara (rooster)Zakaru (roosters)
Tantabara (pigeon)Tantabaru (pigeons)
Agwagwa (duck)Agwagi (ducks)
Mikiya (eagle)Mikiyoyi (eagles)
Zaki (lion)Zakuna (lions)
Giwa (elephant)Giwaye (elephants)
Biri (monkey)Birai (monkeys)
Sauro (Mosquito)Sauraye (Mosquitoes)
Sama (sky)Sammai (skies)
Kasuwa (market)Kasuwanni (Markets)
Wasa (game)Wasanni (games)
Zuciya (heart)Zuciyoyi (hearts)
Ƙarya (lie)Ƙaryayyaki (lies)
Fari (white)Farare (whites)
Makulli (lock)Makullai (locks)
Baƙi (black)Baƙaƙe (blacks)
Shago (shop)Shaguna (shops)
Banki (bank)Bankuna (banks)
Shafi (page)Shafuka (pages)
falle (sheet of paper)fallaye (sheets of paper)
Waƙa (song)Waƙoƙi (songs)
Surutu (natter)Surutai (natters)
Kwali (card)Kwalaye (cards)
Leda (plastic bag)Ledoji (plastic bags)
Sabulu (soap)Sabulai (soaps)
Mako (week)Makwanni (weeks)
Rana (day)Ranaku (days)
Littafi (book)Littafai (books)
Ƙasa (country)Ƙasashe (countries)
Kasuwa (market)Kasuwanni (Markets)
Bariki (army barrack)Barikoki (army barracks)

Some nouns have more than one plural

SingularPlural
Talaka (poor person)Talakawa, Talakoki (poor people)
Mace (female)Mata, Mataye (females)
Namiji (male)Mazaje, maza (males)
Tinkiya (sheep)Timaki, timakai (sheep)
Sabo (new)Sababbi, Sabbi (new)
Tsoho (old)Tsaffi, tsofaffi (olds)
Sarki (king)Sarakuna, Sarakai (kings)
Akuya (goat)Akuyoyi, Awakai (goats)
Doki (horse)Dokuna, Dawakai (horses)
Matakala (step)Matakalu, Matakalai (steps)
Bindiga (gun)Bindigogi, bindigu
Malami (teacher)Malamai, Maluma

Some words do not change in plural

SingularPlural
Gashi (hair)Gashi (hair)
Madara (milk)Madara (milk)
Majina (mucus)Majina (mucus)
Makara (coffin)Makara (coffins)
Masara (maize)Masara (maize)
Shinkafa (rice)Shinkafa (rice)
Wake (bean)Wake (beans)
Alkama (wheat)Alkama (wheat)
Ayaba (banana)Ayaba (bananas)
Abinci (food)Abinci (foods)
Mata-maza (hermaphrodite)Mata-maza (hermaphrodites)
Zabiya (albino)Zabiya (albinos)

Both masculine and feminine gender carry the same plural

MasculineFemininePlural
Malami (teacher)Malama (female teacher) Malamai (teachers)
Sarki (king)Sarauniya (queen)Sarakuna (kings, queens)
Mahaifi (father)Mahaifiya (mother)Mahaifa (fathers, mothers)
Bahaushe (hausa man)Bahaushiya (hausa lady)Hausawa (Hausas)
Jarumi (actor)Jaruma (actress)Jarumai (actors, actresses)
Fari (white man)Fara (white woman)Farare (white men, white women)
Baƙi (black man)Baƙa (black woman)Baƙaƙe(black men or women)

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